Distance from Capital 180 km
Zica Monastery is the memorial of the Serbian king Stefan I the first King of Serbia and has been built by the first King of Serbia, Stefan the First-Crowned himself and the first Head of the Serbian Church, Saint Sava. The construction of the main church of the monastery, the Church of Christ’s Resurrection, started in 1206 and was finished before 1217, when Stefan received his royal crown from Rome.
Žiča was the seat of the Archbishop (1219–1253), and by tradition the coronational church of the Serbian kings, although a king could be crowned in any Serbian church, he was never considered a true king until he was anointed in Žiča. Žiča was declared a Cultural Monument of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Serbia.In 2008, Žiča celebrated 800 years of existence.
In the late 13th century the monastery was badly damaged and was renovated by King Milutin in the early 14th century. During the reign of Turks, Zica was devastated and renovated many times. Today’s appearance is a result of major restauration operations between 1925 and 1935 and in the late 1980s. By its architectural features, Zica is a Rashka style monastery. The facades are painted red, imitating the architecture of the Holy Mountain.
Three chronological and stylistic groups can be seen in the frescoes, although the frescoes themselves are badly damaged. The frescoes painted by Constantinople painters after the Church had gained independence, belong to the first group. The second group includes poorly preserved frescoes in the tower chapel, painted in the early 1240s. The most important group consists of the frescoes painted between 1309 and 1316, which are mostly in the main part of the church. These frescoes can be grouped into 4 categories: Great Holidays, Scenes from Christ’s Life, Standing Portraits of Saints and Busts of Saints. The authors of the frescoes are the painters from the famous King Milutin’s workshop. Their frescoes can be seen in Stari Nagorican Monastery, Bogorodica Ljeviska Monastery and in King’s Church in Studenica Monastery.
Zica Monastery is situated in the village of Krusevica between Kraljevo and Mataruska Banja.